By Marcus Ackroyd, Laurence Brockliss, Michael Moss, Kathryn Retford, John Stevenson
Offering the 1st ever statistical research of a pro cohort within the period of the commercial revolution, this prosopographical learn of a few 450 surgeons who joined the military clinical provider in the course of the progressive and Napoleonic wars, charts the history, schooling, army and civilian profession, marriage, sons' occupations, wealth at loss of life, and broader social and cultural pursuits of the contributors of the cohort. It finds the position that may be performed by way of the nascent professions during this interval in selling speedy social mobility. the gang of clinical practitioners chosen for this research didn't come from prosperous or specialist households yet profited from their years within the military to accumulate an effective and infrequently astounding fortune, marry into the professions, and position their sons in expert careers. The research contributes to our realizing of Britishness within the interval, because the majority of the cohort got here from small-town and rural Scotland and eire yet seldom came across their better halves within the local state and regularly settled in London and different English towns, the place they generally turned pillars of the group.
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Additional info for Advancing with the Army: Medicine, the Professions and Social Mobility in the British Isles 1790-1850
Nonetheless, the new troika, although still only giving two to three hours a day to the service for their £2 per day pay, seem to have operated relatively efﬁciently, especially after they were allowed to employ three secretaries from 1796. ²⁰ In the four years following their appointment, the new board oversaw a dramatic expansion in the size of the army medical service and also began to extend its authority. ²¹ Indeed, when the ﬁrst expedition to Flanders was launched, the board had no control even over the staff appointments once the troops were abroad, for the king gave the right to ﬁll vacancies to the principal medical ofﬁcer with the invading army, Dr Hugh Alexander Kennedy (d.
London, 1964); Cecil Wall, History of the Surgeons’ Company 1745–1800 (London, 1937). Both corporations were exclusive. The fellows of the Royal College of Physicians formed its governing body and had to be Anglicans and Oxbridge graduates. Licentiates of the college, who could hold an MD from another university, were only its certiﬁcated practitioners. For the two corporations’ authority, see below, n. 6. ⁴ C. J. T. Dean, The Royal Hospital Chelsea (London, 1950); Les Invalides: trois siècles d’histoire (Paris, 1974).
No decision was initially taken to exclude surgeons who entered the service after 1815, so the database contains doctors who joined the army from 1772 to 1833, although the large majority—over 80 per cent—were recruited during the wars. As a result, the interval of time is enough for one father and son pairing to appear in the cohort— John Hennen (1779–1828), born Castlebar, Co. Mayo, and John Hennen Jnr (1800–71), born Deal, Kent. ⁵² The information in the questionnaires was ﬁrst transferred to the database in a machine readable format as far as was possible.
Advancing with the Army: Medicine, the Professions and Social Mobility in the British Isles 1790-1850 by Marcus Ackroyd, Laurence Brockliss, Michael Moss, Kathryn Retford, John Stevenson