By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Center for Education, Committee on Research in Education, Tina M. Winters, Lauress L. Wise, Lisa Towne
With the intention to increase the standard of medical schooling examine, this document addresses such key concerns resembling peer assessment, randomized box trials, greater doctoral courses for tutorial management in the common targets of marketing caliber in examine, construction the information base, and embellishing expert improvement. Their options comprise encouraging federal firms that aid schooling examine to obviously delineate the standards for peer overview and insist rigorous equipment and acceptable assets for learn, that journals require authors to make proper info to be had to different researchers, and that faculties of schooling layout curricula higher articulate the potential in learn applicants must have and may offer correct event in study.
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As described above, a critical scientific principle is the idea that the choice of methods used in particular studies should be driven by the nature of the question being investigated. This notion was extended in the workshop on the conduct of one method—randomized field trials—in educational settings to focus attention on the importance of rigorous implementation of research methods in educational settings. The report Implementing Randomized Field Trials in Education: Report of a Workshop contains a full 30 ADVANCING SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN EDUCATION accounting of the many practical issues associated with successful research of this kind discussed at the event (National Research Council, 2004a).
Whether through peer review processes in vetting proposals for research funding or manuscripts for publication, doctoral training, or informal communications and relationships, it is the participation of researchers in activities that strengthen the field as a whole that will advance scientific research in education. By recognizing common goals and working together to achieve them, there is great potential to further the field. 2 Promoting Quality R igorous studies of how students learn, how schools function, how teachers teach, and how the different cultural, political, economic, and demographic contexts in which these and related investigations are framed can provide (and have—see National Research Council, 2002, for examples) important insights into policy and practice.
Life intervenes: in the studies described at the workshop, research tasks were affected by a fatal fire, a snowstorm, and a government shutdown. The presenters offered ways of anticipating and dealing with many of these problems, all of which were facilitated by the development of strong partnerships between the research team and district and school personnel. Some strategies for overcoming obstacles involve design features: for example, the so-called Power4Kids study recently launched in a consortium of districts outside of Pittsburgh was designed to address the concern that the process of random assignment may result in some students not receiving a promising intervention.
Advancing Scientific Research in Education by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Center for Education, Committee on Research in Education, Tina M. Winters, Lauress L. Wise, Lisa Towne