By Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II
Drawing on usually unpublished records, A state Collapses revises the conventional figuring out of a serious second within the background of worldwide conflict II: the cave in of the Italian fascist regime and Italy's unconditional give up in September 1943. The publication argues that, in the course of their mystery negotiations earlier than the overthrow of Mussolini in July 1943, either Italy and Britain negotiated in undesirable religion and with loads of duplicity. The ensuing misunderstandings and misjudgments ended in an without warning lengthy and brutal crusade of conquest following Italy's hand over.
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Additional resources for A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943
The most concrete attempt, that of Lussu, has already been discussed. Within the Mazzini Society, an organization of anti-Fascists in the United States during World War II, there was an attempt to create a volunteer force. However, the anti-Fascist attempts at collaboration generally did not get beyond the planning stage. In Italy, representatives of the Action Party deluded themselves into thinking that they could establish a democratic alternative to the palace coup that was taking form. 70 Actually, for the British, the principle of unconditional surrender justified the intransigent posture adopted previously.
Soldiers at antiaircraft batteries, Milamart batteries, airfields, supply depots, etc.
These feelings were fueled by contact with the civilian population, tired by continuous air raids and convinced that a strenuous resistance would only cause the destruction of the island. Further, some of the troops were Sicilians, and this encouraged desertion by those who decided to return to their families. In addition to the many soldiers who abandoned their posts to return home, entire units disintegrated and ferry boats were abandoned by their crews. To make the situation still more confusing, moving in the opposite direction of the soldiers and civilians who wanted to leave the island were false volunteers, "Sicilian soldiers from every part of the peninsula," who with the excuse of going to defend Sicily were trying to return home.
A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943 by Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II