By Mark Gregory Pegg
In January of 1208, a papal legate was once murdered at the banks of the Rhone in southern France. A livid Pope blameless III accused heretics of the crime and referred to as upon all Christians to exterminate heresy among the Garonne and Rhone rivers--a colossal area referred to now as Languedoc--in a very good campaign. This such a lot holy conflict, the 1st within which Christians have been promised salvation for killing different Christians, lasted twenty bloody years--it was once an extended savage conflict for the soul of Christendom.
In A such a lot Holy conflict, historian Mark Pegg has produced a swift-moving, gripping narrative of this bad campaign, drawing partly on hundreds of thousands of tales accumulated by way of inquisitors within the years 1235 to 1245. those bills of standard women and men, remembering what it was once wish to pass though such brutal instances, deliver the tale vividly to lifestyles. Pegg argues that generations of historians (and novelists) have misunderstood the campaign; they assumed it used to be a struggle opposed to the Cathars, the main recognized heretics of the center a long time. The Cathars, Pegg unearths, by no means existed. He extra indicates how a millennial fervor approximately "cleansing" the realm of heresy, coupled with an apprehension that Christendom used to be being eaten clear of inside of via heretics who seemed no diverse than different Christians, made the battles, sieges, and massacres of the campaign nearly apocalyptic of their merciless depth. In responding to this worry with a holy genocidal conflict, blameless III essentially replaced how Western civilization handled members accused of corrupting society. This primary swap, Pegg argues, led on to the construction of the inquisition, the increase of an anti-Semitism devoted to the violent removing of Jews, or even the holy violence of the Reconquista in Spain and within the New international within the 15th century. All derive their divinely sanctioned slaughter from the Albigensian Crusade.
Haunting and immersive, A such a lot Holy War opens a tremendous new standpoint on a really pivotal second in global historical past, a primary and far-off foreshadowing of the genocide and holy violence within the glossy global.
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Additional info for A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom (Pivotal Moments in World History)
Along with this visible landscape of claims and rights to hold and possess fields and vineyards there existed, simultaneously, an invisible landscape of claims and rights to the rents and dues on these fields and vineyards. This implicit domain of exactions and gifts was, if anything, even more fractured than the explicitly physical one.
Most beloved brethren,’’ preached Pope Urban II outside the city of Clermont (in the Auvergne by the thin Tretaine River) on Tuesday, 27 November 1095, ‘‘by God’s permission placed over the whole world with the papal crown,’’ to His servants an admonition, to His sons an exhortation. ’’ God tossed the maggoty man on the dung heap. ’’ Sadly, the world was rancid with violent iniquities, ‘‘perhaps because of the weakness of your justice,’’ perhaps the impurity of your salt—either 10 A Most Holy War way, it needed purification through pacification.
Instead, they replicated (remorselessly, impenitently) the lives and ideas of venomous men like Arius and Mani. ‘‘The bride never forgets the poisoned stings that so often the enemies of the faith have sharpened against her,’’ preached the Cistercian John, abbot of Ford, about the Church as the bride of Christ and serpentine heretics in 1206. This sermon by the English abbot—his eighty-fifth inspired by the Song of Songs and his third on the verse ‘‘And your breasts will be like clusters of the vine, and your perfumes, or the perfume of your mouth, like the scent of apples’’—while certainly resonating with all the heresiological assumptions of the previous century, had a distinctly shrill timbre, an apocalyptic quiver, not heard in Bernard of Clairvaux.
A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom (Pivotal Moments in World History) by Mark Gregory Pegg